Werther Santana/Estadão (14/01/2021)

Alzheimer’s disease: Symptoms of the disease can be delayed with early diagnosis and intellectual activities

Fight known risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and make Early detection They are the two main measures to delay the progression of the disease as much as possible. Persons over 60 years of age should strive for social interaction, intellectual and combative activities depression and regular practice of physical exercises. These are the main forms of prevention.

Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Otilo Correa dos Santos Filho, from Rio de Janeiro State University (Uerj), is the principal investigator on the Brazilian part of the Davos Alzheimer’s Collaborative International Study. It studies the advantages of early detection of Alzheimer’s disease and ways to delay the onset of its most severe symptoms as much as possible. Although there is no cure, some measures can be taken to reduce the personal and social impact of the disease.

“The social and economic impact is enormous, because sickness and patients are bedridden, and they are completely dependent on other people to do basic daily activities,” Santos Filio says.

Therefore, the expert says, if there is an early detection of the problem and conventional treatments are adopted early, it is possible to postpone the onset of the most dangerous stages of the disease. Treatment for people with Alzheimer’s disease consists of using medications that slow the progression of protein concentrations in the brain and also work on symptoms.

a Alzheimer’s disease consists of seven stages, as identified by Dr. Barry Riesberg, director of the Disease Research and Education Program at New York University School of Medicine. This division is used by experts all over the world, and sometimes it is simplified into five or even three stages.

In the first stage, for example, there are no symptoms of dementia. At the second moment, some cognitive and/or functional difficulties appear. Older adults with these symptoms complain that they cannot remember names as easily as they did five or ten years ago.

In the early stages of the disease, according to experts, intellectual activities and physical exercise can help slow the progression of the disease. Once diagnosed, treatment begins – which also helps Alzheimer’s progress more slowly.

“We already know that there are many risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease, such as hearing loss, isolation, and depression, as well as more well-known factors, such as high blood pressure, physical inactivity, alcohol use, and diabetes,” says the doctor.

“In the case of people with a high sensitivity index for the disease, we can work on these known risk factors, which significantly delay the development of Alzheimer’s disease. In the case of people diagnosed early, we were able to refer them to currently available treatments much earlier than usual.”

50 million people are infected with the disease, according to estimates by the World Health Organization

The multicenter study is being conducted in the USA, Japan, Mexico, Jamaica, and Scotland, among other countries. One of its main goals is to prepare countries for the significant impact of the disease. Currently, he says World Health Organization (WHO), 50 million people suffer from Alzheimer’s disease worldwide. This equates to a new case every two seconds. With increasing longevity, diagnoses are expected to reach 80 million in 2030 and 150 million in 2050.

In the study, experts assess older adults over the age of 60 with a digital cognitive assessment. The doctor says that the test has a high level of sensitivity. Detects cognitive impairment in the elderly. Those with minor problems are referred for a blood test. It is a search for biomarkers of disease.

Here are some tips to prevent Alzheimer’s disease

  • Keep your brain active with studies
  • take care of your hearing

Lifelong hearing loss may be a risk factor for dementia

  • Quit addictions such as alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs
  • head protection

Head injuries can cause dementia. Wear a helmet when skiing, snowboarding, or cycling.

  • Do physical exercises

Moving the body throughout life is a recommendation to avoid Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia.

  • Take care of your cardiovascular health

High blood pressure or arterial hypertension, for life, is harmful to health, including brain health

  • Escape from pollution and secondhand smoke
  • Eat well
  • Have a hobby and maintain an active social life

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