Paulo Shakur - See 4 heart problems caused by high blood pressure

Paulo Shakur – See 4 heart problems caused by high blood pressure

Arterial hypertension, popularly known as hypertension, is a common problem among Brazilians, even more than many people imagine: it is considered one of the most common diseases in the population. According to the SBC (Brazilian Society of Cardiology) estimates, about 30% of people in the country have this condition.

However, among the challenges surrounding the topic is the fact that less than half of this group regularly monitors disease progression, which makes the data even more alarming. Worldwide, approximately 10 million people die each year as a result of complications from high blood pressure.

This is because high blood pressure without proper monitoring and treatment leads to circulatory disturbances, weakens blood vessels and does not allow proper oxygenation of organs, in addition to direct damage to the heart. This means that more than a problematic condition in and of itself, it can lead to a series of other, more serious problems – and even death. Hence the importance of preventive diagnosis and lifelong care.

Where is the danger?

High blood pressure is dangerous because it places more demands on the heart: it requires the organ to do extra work to perform its main function, which is to pump blood throughout the body. The image, especially when it becomes stationary, makes the blood vessels more rigid and lose their elasticity. In this way, the heart needs to work harder to maintain efficient circulation. Simply put, high blood pressure causes “extra stress”.

Under normal conditions, the blood pressure index should remain at 120/80 mmHg (we read “12 x 8”). Above this value, we can already say that the pressure is high. In the case of hypertension, the blood pressure is greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg (we read “14 x 9”), and it is maintained by several measurements, constantly, taken on different days. If the recorded numbers are higher, it is possible that the individual is experiencing a hypertensive crisis, with the need for emergency care.

It is a non-infectious, chronic and long-term disease, that is, in most cases, the damage caused by high blood pressure occurs over time. But there is one point that deserves attention: in general, it is a silent state, which has no symptoms. Signs usually appear when the pressure is much higher than normal.

Among the main signs are nausea, dizziness, excessive tiredness, blurred vision, difficulty breathing and chest pain (angina), which can be easily confused with other health problems.

Archaeology

If high blood pressure is not detected or controlled, problems may appear and continue to develop over the years, like a snowball.

In the case of the cardiovascular system, changes in the contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle are possible, as well as other complications, such as atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis), the appearance of coronary artery disease, diseases of the brain and blood vessels, heart failure and even death, a sudden heart attack.

Let’s see some details of the main problems:

1. Heart failure

High blood pressure, as mentioned, makes it difficult for the heart to beat, which takes more force than usual and ends up getting bigger. However, although it is larger, it becomes weaker.

Chronic arterial hypertension can develop into enlargement of the heart muscle, with the potential for weakening of the heart muscle, leading to heart failure – a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to nourish the body.

As people age and blood pressure remains high, the risk of heart disease increases. It is estimated that heart failure occurs most frequently in people over 65 years of age who have prolonged exposure to high blood pressure.

2. Myocardial infarction

Recurrent high blood pressure can damage the walls of the heart (coronary arteries), which weaken and inflame or become thicker. Over time, there is a risk that the situation will worsen due to a blood clot or a build-up of fat (cholesterol) at the site, causing a partial or complete blockage of the passage of blood within these vessels.

Blocked arteries block or obstruct blood flow to the heart muscle, which does not receive the necessary oxygen. Then the tissue begins to die. Thus, progression of coronary artery disease may occur and result in a frightening acute myocardial infarction (common heart attack) or even a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).

3. Irregular heartbeat

An individual with high blood pressure can also have arrhythmias, that is, changes in the rhythm of the heartbeat. The condition may be caused or exacerbated by high blood pressure. In some cases, the scenario can develop into heart failure.

Among the cases of arrhythmia, it is worth noting atrial fibrillation. Potentially serious, it can lead to or cause a stroke. A vascular accident, known as a stroke, occurs when there is a blockage or rupture in one of the blood vessels that supply the brain with blood and oxygen.

4. Kidney problems

Increased pressure can also impair blood delivery to other organs essential to the functioning of the body, such as the kidneys, and in this way, interfere with their ability to filter blood effectively. In this case, the problem becomes a two-way street: When the kidneys are not working properly, pressure can get out of control, creating a vicious cycle.

The kidneys filter the blood and remove waste products, extra water, and salt. Without it, there is unnecessary retention and accumulation. The heart then becomes more demanding, overburdened, or its function is disrupted, and it does not act according to the needs of the body.

What causes high blood pressure?

The exact causes of high blood pressure are not fully understood. What we do know is that there are several factors that can interfere with increased stress, such as smoking, being overweight and obese, a sedentary lifestyle, excess salt (sodium) in food, alcohol consumption, stress, advanced age, and genetics (people with family members). close ones). Hypertensive patients are more likely to have a comorbidity (chronic kidney disease, adrenal gland disease, thyroid disease, sleep disturbances.

lifelong care

With this, all caution is a little. There is no cure for high blood pressure, but it can be controlled. Individuals dealing with high blood pressure can significantly reduce the risks and their potential consequences.

If it is mild, it can often only be controlled with changes in routine and adoption of a healthier lifestyle, which includes maintaining weight, diets low in fat and salt, avoiding alcohol, not smoking, as well as a regular exercise program. There are those who still need medication, which is determined and monitored by a specialist after examinations and evaluation to meet the specific needs of each case.

What should be made clear is that even if you feel fine after a period of treatment, care must be maintained. It is important to keep in mind that high blood pressure is harmful even without symptoms. In addition, changes in habits are used not only as a treatment, but also as a means of preventing disease and its complications.

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