A 36-year-old Italian man is the first person in the world to be tested positive for monkeypox, HIV and the coronavirus simultaneously. According to researchers at the University of Catania in Italy, the diagnosis occurred after returning from a trip to Spain. The patient stated that she had unprotected sex with men.
The case report was published in the journal Infection. The patient had a fever, sore throat, headache and sore throat after returning from a trip to Spain that took place between 16 and 20 June. According to the medical journal, the man tested positive for Covid-19 on July 2, three days after the first symptoms appeared. On the same date he got the result, he started feeling itchy in his left arm and days later noticed small blisters on his chest, legs, face and buttocks.
In the following days, the lesions increased, and on 5/7 the patient went to the emergency department of the University Hospital of Catania. There, he obtained the positive result for monkeypox (monkeypox). On the same occasion, when other tests were performed to determine the possibility of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the man discovered that he was also a carrier of HIV.
Hospital staff noted that the number of lymphocytes (defense cells) of the patient is still at a sufficient level, since this assumption is made that HIV infection was relatively recent. They also revealed that the patient was tested for the virus in September 2021 and the result was negative.
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Recently, several countries have recorded cases of patients diagnosed with monkeypox, a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus. According to the World Health Organization, the condition is not considered serious: the death rate is 1 in 100. However, this is the first time that the disease has been widely recognized outside the African continent.Getty Images
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The disease was first diagnosed in humans in 1970. According to the profile of currently infected patients, most of whom are homosexuals or men who have sex with men (MSM), specialists suspect the possible presence of contamination through sexual contact, as well as through contact with. Injuries to patients or droplets during breathingLucas Nino / Getty Images
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Anyone, regardless of their sexual orientation, can spread monkeypox through contact with contaminated body fluids or common items (such as clothing and bedding).”Ross Cole / Getty Images
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Initially, monkeypox is transmitted by contact with infected monkeys or rodents, and is more common in African countries. Prior to the current outbreak, only four countries outside the continent had identified cases in history.Singh Chi Teo / Getty Images
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Symptoms of the condition include fever, headache, body and back aches, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, and chills. There are also spots that appear on the whole body (mainly the face, hands and feet) and develop into scales that later fall off.Wong Yu Liang / EyeEm / Getty Images
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The incubation period for the virus ranges from seven to 21 days, but symptoms that can be very itchy or painful usually appear after 10 days.Melina Mara/Washington Post via Getty Images
Because it is a disease very similar to smallpox, the vaccine against the condition also works to prevent contamination. In severe cases, treatment includes antiviral drugs and the use of blood plasma from immunized individuals.Natalia Gdovskaya / Getty Images
The patient was discharged from the hospital on 7/11 and was ordered to end the isolation period at home.
Health professionals have warned that symptoms of monkeypox and Covid-19 can overlap, so it is important that sexual habits are taken into account during anamnesis to make the correct diagnosis. The team also added that this is the only recorded case of triple contamination with Covid, HIV and monkeypox.
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