Goiás has 160 confirmed cases of monkeypox, according to information released in a bulletin issued by the Goiás State Department of Health (SES-GO) on Monday (22). As the disease progressed, the ministry issued a contingency plan in which it was informed that the state had reached a public health emergency.
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In the document published on Friday (19), SES-GO divided the disease state into three levels. The Secretariat described the level to be considered in Goiás, currently, as level III – a public health emergency. See definitions for each level:
- Level 1 – Alert: Corresponds to a situation in which the risk of disease is high and there are no suspected cases.
- Level Two – Imminent DangerDisclosure of a suspected case of monkeypox and/or a confirmed case with allogeneic transmission (imported), with no record of secondary cases (contacts).
- Level III – Public Health Emergencies: The state in which there is confirmation of local transmission.
According to SES-GO Health Surveillance Superintendent, Flúvia Amorim, level 3 occurs when there is confirmation of community transmission.
“It’s a high level of alert, we need specialists to understand the importance of the notification, for people to know what the symptoms are so they can get medical care and we can control the spread of the disease as much as possible,” he said.
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- The first two cases of monkeypox in Goiás from Aparecida de Goiânia
Also, according to the supervisor, despite the situation, the emergency plan does not contain coping measures that generate an administrative or economic impact on the population, as in the case of Covid.
Technically, this does not mean that there is a decree as we saw with Covid. Unlike Covid, we don’t suffer much from hospital treatment for monkeypox [varíola dos macacos]. But he is on high alert because we need to try to contain the transmission,” he explained.
Rashes typical in cases of monkeypox – Photo: Reproduction / Anhanguera TV
The purpose of the emergency plan is to establish guidelines for dealing with the disease, in order to minimize its effects on the life and health of the people of Goiás.
The document sets out the rules and standards that health professionals must follow to attend to suspected cases of the disease, as well as reporting how the patient is being monitored and who has been in contact with the infected person.
According to the SES, epidemiological surveillance teams and public and private health units should take care of cases of people with symptoms that meet the criteria for the disease to immediately collect the sample and order the examination.
Monkeypox in Goiás
The first two cases of the disease were confirmed on 11 July in a population of Aparecida de Goiania. Since then, the numbers have shown growth in the state.
On Monday, Goiás had 160 confirmed cases of monkeypox, 297 suspected cases, and 10 probable cases. Of the confirmed cases, 157 are men and only three are women. The patients’ ages ranged from 9 to 64 years.
Goiânia is the city with the highest number of monkeypox cases, with 123 people infected with the disease. Aparecida de Goiânia is the second city with the highest number of patients, with 15 confirmations.
In the previous bulletin, released last Friday, Goiás had 143 confirmed cases of the disease, 294 suspected cases and 9 probable cases.
Cases of monkeypox have been identified in 75 countries, including Brazil – Image: Getty Images
Symptoms of monkeypox
- muscle pain
- Back ache
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- By contact with the virus: with an infected animal, person, or material, including through animal bites and scratches, handling wild game, or through the use of products made from infected animals. It is not yet known which animal carries the virus in the wild, although African rodents are suspected of playing a role in transmitting smallpox to humans.
- Person to person: by direct contact with body fluids such as blood and pus, respiratory secretions or wounds from an infected person, during intimate contact – including during sex – and when kissing, hugging or touching parts of the body due to wounds caused by illness. It is not yet known whether monkeypox can be spread through semen or vaginal fluids.
- by contaminated items that have come into contact with bodily fluids or wounds, such as clothing or sheets;
- from the mother to the fetus through the placenta;
- From mother to child during or after childbirth, by skin-to-skin contact;
- Ulcers, lesions, or sores in the mouth can also be contagious, which means that the virus can be spread through saliva.
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