Saiba quais são os sintomas dos 6 problemas cardíacos mais comuns

Learn the symptoms of the 6 most common heart problems – Terra Brasil Notícias

Heart disease is a major concern for both the medical profession and the general public. The Brazilian Society of Cardiology estimates that by the end of 2022, approximately 400,000 people in the country will die from cardiovascular disease.

In addition to genetic predisposition and congenital heart muscle problems, high blood pressure and uncontrolled cholesterol are among the most common causes of cardiovascular problems. Lifestyle also affects: a sedentary lifestyle, smoking and excessive stress are risk factors for heart disease.

It’s more common for heart disease to show distinctive signs right before a serious event occurs, so it’s important to keep your screening routine up-to-date and follow the treatments prescribed by your doctor.

Cardiologist Frederico Abreu, cardiology coordinator at Santa Lucia Hospital, listed the main symptoms of the six most common cardiovascular diseases: infarction, heart failure, valvular disease, stroke, arrhythmia, and peripheral arterial disease.

Risk factors such as smoking, alcoholism, and lack of regular exercise are risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease. The specialist warns that diabetes without proper control and obesity also lead to poor heart health.

Learn the symptoms of the six most common heart problems:

1. Myocardial infarction (heart attack)

Myocardial infarction is characterized by the death of cells in an area of ​​the heart. The cause of this event is the rupture of fatty plaque that forms a clot capable of blocking an artery and stopping blood flow to the heart in a sudden and intense manner.

Symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, pressure, and discomfort. The pain can travel to the jaw, shoulder, arm, and back. Shortness of breath, sweating, fatigue, nausea, and dizziness are also signs.

2. Heart failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood for the body’s daily needs. This condition is more common in older adults, but it can affect younger adults.

The main symptoms of heart failure are:

  • progressive shortness of breath, especially when it is performed;
  • Pain in the stomach area.
  • Vomiting and nausea;
  • Anorexia;
  • Fatigue and difficulty exercising.
  • Difficulty lying down
  • Source.

3. Valve disease

In heart valve disease, one or more valves in the heart do not function normally, causing blood to return or not pass through the valve. In mild cases of valve disease, symptoms may not appear for years before diagnosis.

Over time, the signs appear gradually. They include chest pain, shortness of breath, and physical weakness.

4. Stroke

A stroke is caused by problems with blood flow to the brain. In most cases, symptoms appear suddenly and without warning and require immediate medical attention.

The main symptoms of a stroke are:

  • the face droops to one side so that the person does not smile;
  • the patient cannot keep his arms raised;
  • Distorted speech and it is often not even possible to pronounce words.

Other symptoms are headache and altered mental status.

5. Irregular heartbeat

An irregular heartbeat causes the heart to beat slower (bradycardia) or faster (tachycardia). For some people, this disease may be just a nuisance. For others, it’s a killer.

The most common symptoms are:

  • Abnormal heartbeat or irregular palpitations.
  • fatigue;
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness;
  • Source;
  • fainting;
  • Worry.

6. Peripheral Arterial Disease

A condition characterized by the presence of arterial vessels with fatty plaques that make it difficult for blood to pass through them. People may not have symptoms of the problem for a long time, but when they do, the signs are as follows:

  • Calf pain when walking.
  • Pain in the legs and feet.
  • fatigue;
  • cramps;
  • spots on the skin;
  • Purple toes with blisters.
  • skin irritation;

Credits: Metropolis.

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