Elections silence and divide generations

Elections silence and divide generations

The strategy adopted by Marcelo Moretti Fiorone, 52, was to remain silent about politics, to live with his father, 82-year-old Bolsonarista. The disagreement generated discussions and a feeling of loneliness and anguish.

“There are times when I argue and talk to him. I never imagined doing that,” says the engineer, who started treatment before the Covid pandemic and saw crises due to political discussions becoming the dominant topic in the sessions. “You have become the red sheep of the family.”

Evandro Potion, 37, and his mother-in-law Solange Sills Araujo, 61, also signed a pact of silence two months ago, after an argument during a family dinner in Campinas turned into chaos that caused his brother-in-law to leave. place. And the next morning came a cry of repentance and a request for forgiveness.

The oil worker says he is someone who has been “overtaken by politics” and that family ties have intensified since 2018, when Jair Bolsonaro (PL) was elected.

The lawyer says she avoids mentioning the president’s name so as not to cause her any inconvenience and has no problem with having children and sisters in a different location. To avoid fights with them, Lula (PT) supporters say they have silenced notifications on WhatsApp.

In the family of Claudia Alvarenga, 53, the silence on politics began a long time ago, since October 28, 2018, when her sister-in-law and sister published pamphlets celebrating Bolsonaro’s election, and faced critical comments from the entrepreneur’s daughters.

“The problem is there’s no different attitude,” Alvarenga says. “It’s just that dialogue is scarce, and uncomfortable situations and feelings are pushed under the rug.” For her, treatment does not solve the problem that affects sleep and causes irritability. Evangelist, turned to the spiritual side.

One of the girls in the episode, 20-year-old Marina, defines the family relationship as rigid, with rules about what can or cannot be said in meetings. She says her aunt blocked her on the networks that she did not want to talk to the reporter.

“To this day, I feel a little uncomfortable, but much less than before. I understand that their positions are different and that I am not here to persuade anyone from one side or the other, but that is bad, because I wanted to be able to talk, which is not Unfortunately it happens.”

Hell is the word that makeup artist Juliana Thayes, 27, a resident of São Jose dos Campos, used to define 2018. She says she cried at the insults of her father, Bolsonarista. Two months ago, she decided to distance herself and live with her fiancé, which improved her relationship with a member of her family that was marked by provocations.

Juliana’s mother, housewife Tamara Ulrich Pais dos Santos, 51, is known as a right-winger. But instead of expressing her point of view, she says that she tries to maintain neutrality at home, because the family situation “causes sadness”, as her husband is “more aggressive with relatives than with strangers.” For her, there is immaturity on the one hand and fanaticism on the other.

According to Datafolha’s survey conducted in person with 2,556 people at the end of July, 49% of voters have stopped talking about politics with people close to them. This situation affects 54% of those who vote for Lula and 40% of those who support Bolsonaro. Of the total, 15% said they had received a verbal threat, and 7% said they had received a physical threat. Embarrassment from political situations in recent months was reported by 54%.

Society has seen politics as something dichotomous and that fights and resentment generate psychological suffering, which clearly worsens the quality of life, says the professor at the Institute of Psychiatry and coordinator of the graduate program in psychiatry and mental health at UFRJ.

“Social support is one of the main shields we provide against mental disorders. The more connected you are with family and friends, the more protected you will be from the onset of mental disorders.”

For clinical psychologist and psychoanalyst Clara Lenz, ending conflicts is impossible, so the biggest problem is how we deal with them, especially when they are used to set off destructive impulses.

“We see an increased feeling of helplessness and loneliness, and a weakening of the bond. Of course, this will lead to an increase in both physical and psychosomatic and emotional symptoms.”

Psychiatrist Vanessa Flaria Favaro, Director of Outpatient Clinics at the Institute of Psychiatry, Hospital das Clinicas, School of Medicine, University of the South Pacific, stresses that this scenario is more impactful on young people, as it is a moment in life for the formation of citizenship and more social participation.

“Young people already have more emotional feelings naturally, so they end up very sad, because they want to take a stand. They are very passionate about the people who are standing up for it,” she says.

Despite this reading, sociologist Esther Solano, a professor at Unifesp and one of the coordinators of the qualitative research “Youth and Democracy in Latin America,” which was conducted with young people aged 16 to 24 from Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Mexico, says the study shows a fact other.

“Young Bolsonaristas who have Lula’s parents and vice versa don’t simply talk about politics in the family. What I see is silencing. They prefer talking in other social circles to discussing at home,” she says, adding that they also censor themselves at school. , which he claims is a legacy of the Escola Sem Partido movement, which provides for the punishment of teachers who preach politically in the classroom.

Because they have a more combative profile, youngsters can display anxiety and even panic attacks, says UFRJ’s Berger. Older adults tend to become more isolated and suffer from depression. In the face of stressful situations due to politics, experts stress that it is necessary to monitor how these conflicts affect other daily activities, since there is a risk of strokes and heart attacks.

“When we feel chronically stressed, changes occur in the body. Thus, you are more likely to develop stress problems or problems related to the metabolism, which cause many cardiovascular diseases,” says Favaro, from Hospital das Clínicas.

The psychiatrist says it is essential to learn to relax despite stress and to create ways to take care of mental health more broadly.

Berger, in turn, points out that symptoms such as irritability, interference with sleep and a high level of daily fatigue indicate the need to seek help. General care includes social support, physical activity, and other options such as meditation and psychotherapy.

“The first step is to realize that we are not at risk. Then we should try to reduce the stigma associated with mental disorders.”

#Elections #silence #divide #generations

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.