NASA volta à Lua em 29 de agosto. O que você precisa saber sobre a missão Artemis

NASA returns to the moon on August 29. What you need to know about the Artemis mission

Photo: Artemis 1 / NASA / Disclosure

After 50 years, NASA is returning to the moon on the Artemis 1 mission. Take off is scheduled for August 29 and will last six weeks. This should only be the first in a series of flights to Earth’s main satellite, according to US space agency information.

The mission begins with a test flight without a crew, but will want to evolve into more complex missions in the coming years, from technology to milestones in human history in space – as it was in the 1960s, with the Apollo mission.

Artemis must land the first woman and first black person on the moon. NASA said this would pave the way for a “long-term presence on the moon” and serve as a “stepping stone for sending astronauts to Mars.”

Find out more about the mission below:

What do you expect from the Artemis mission

The goal: to go to the moon (and beyond): The Artemis program wants to build a space station on the moon and a shelter for astronauts in space. This is all part of NASA’s effort to prioritize human space travel.

But thinking more long-term, the goal of the US space agency is to reach Mars. The plan integrates the program “Moon to Mars” (from the Moon to Mars, in the literal translation), who wants to send astronauts to the planet by 2040.

“What we are on the moon is exploring science, not just leaving flags and footprints, as many refer to the Apollo mission,” Kathy Corner, NASA Vice President, said in a statement. instructions the press. “We also want to test the systems we will eventually need to reduce the risks of a human mission to Mars.”

technology: Artemis 1 mission begins with a missile launch space launch system – Incredible structure with a size of 32 floors. Inside is a space capsule Orionwhich will fly nearly a thousand kilometers from the lunar surface and deploy small spacecraft to search in and out of the moon – a kind of lunar space station.

It will be the first unmanned flight, but astronauts are expected to board Orion in the coming years. The capsule is built to take humans farther than any spacecraft that has flown before.

The first flight, at the end of August, will have three mannequins on board, built with materials that mimic the bones, soft tissues and organs of adult humans. They will have sensors to detect space radiation, as it is assumed that prolonged exposure can harm the health of astronauts.

In addition, the mission will deploy ten spacecraft Cubesats, the size of a shoebox, to map the lunar surface, study icy pockets and test the space radiation shield. These vehicles must also travel to farther points, such as a near-Earth asteroid.

timetable: The launch forecast is August 29, with a return expected for October. It would be like this: The rocket lifts off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. He goes to the moon and flies over the satellite. If all goes as planned, the Orion capsule will land off the coast of San Diego and the Artemis 2 mission will move forward.

The first manned mission is set for 2024, when astronauts will fly over the moon. In 2025 or 2026 – depending on progress – will come Artemis 3, which will land on the moon for the first time since 1972. This flight will be the first woman to land on the moon.

If the first few missions are successful, the subsequent flights will have astronauts walking long distances across the lunar surface — likely for weeks.

In 2027, astronauts aboard Artemis 4 will deliver the I-HAB module – a housing for crews that will explore the Moon from Earth. Moon Gateis still under construction.

investment: And theIn progress since 2017, the Artemis program has already cost US$40 billion.

In addition to NASA that helps: The Artemis mission does not belong only to the US agency. The European Space Agency, the European Union (EU), has introduced the Orion capsule service module on Artemis 1 and is collaborating to build Gateway’s I-HAB.

NASA returns to the moon on August 29.  What you need to know about the Artemis mission
Photo: European Space Agency / Disclosure

Japan is developing a spacecraft to supply cargo to the lunar station and is considering creating a pressurized spacecraft – a place for astronauts to take off their massive spacesuits.

Canada is also designing a robotic arm for the Gateway station. In addition, 21 other countries have signed the Artemis Accords – an attempt by Washington to set rules for future international exploration of the Moon. Brazil is also part: signed in June 2021.

meaning of: Many things have changed since the Apollo mission, but the legacy of the first space program to put humans on the Moon lives on. The choice of the name of the new task is proof of this. In Greek mythology, Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo.

“For all of us who have stared at the moon and dreamed of the day humanity will return to the lunar surface, we are back,” said Bill Nelson, NASA Administrator. “This journey, our journey, begins with Artemis 1.”


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