On Monday (11), the State Health Surveillance Center (Cevs) confirmed a total of 44 cases of monkeypox in Rio Grande do Sul. The number is more than double the number recorded just one week ago. Last Monday, August 8, there were 21 confirmed cases of the disease. None of them are associated with the municipalities of the northern coast of Rio Grande do Sul.
Cevs’ latest report, published Monday afternoon, notes that the cases are spread across 14 municipalities, as well as one person living out of state. The city with the highest number of confirmed cases of the disease is Porto Alegre, where 15 patients have already been diagnosed positive.
Then come Caxias do Sul and Fiamao with four confirmations. And three confirmed cases each in Canoas, Garibaldi, Igrinha and Novo Hamburgo. Uruguay has two confirmed cases. Cities with one confirmed case are Campo Bom, Esteo, Monte Belo do Sul, Paso Fundo, Santo Angelo and São Marcos.
In addition, another 170 possible infections are under investigation. At least one of them is connected to the north coast. This is a 12-year-old patient, residing in Cabo da Canone with a history of travel to Porto Alegre.
The health department of Cabao da Canone was notified of the first suspected case of monkeypox last week. According to the file, the tests were sent to the state laboratory last Friday (11). The deadline for publication of the result was not disclosed.
The state issued a state of alert
Last week, the center published an epidemic warning about a case of monkeypox in Rio Grande do Sul. The document reinforces the epidemiological surveillance measures to be adopted by health services, both public and private, including laboratories and municipal epidemiological surveillance.
Among the actions highlighted in the publication are the immediate communication of suspected cases by health professionals to the relevant municipal health departments and the State Health Department (SES); collection of samples to confirm the diagnosis in the laboratory; tracing and monitoring of contacts of the suspected case; The patient is isolated.
Among the actions noted are immediate contact by health professionals of suspected cases to municipal health departments and the SES, collection of samples to confirm the diagnosis in the laboratory, tracing and monitoring of contacts of the suspected case and isolation of the patient.
The World Health Organization (WHO) declared monkeypox a public health emergency of international concern on July 23.
about the disease
Monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus and transmitted through close/intimate contact with a person who has skin lesions. According to the state Department of Health, this contact can be through a hug, kiss, massage, sexual contact or respiratory secretions. Transmission also occurs through contact with objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels) and surfaces that the patient has used.
There is no specific treatment, but in general, the clinical pictures are mild and require care and monitoring of the lesions. The greatest risk of exacerbation, in general, occurs for immunosuppressed people with HIV/AIDS, leukemia, lymphoma, malignancy, transplant recipients, people with autoimmune diseases, pregnant and lactating women, and children under 8 years old. .
According to the minister, the first symptoms accompanying the disease are fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, and chills or fatigue. One to three days after these symptoms appear, people develop skin lesions that may be present on the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and/or genital areas.
The Putantan Institute reports that these skin lesions develop in five stages: the macula, papules, vesicles, pustules and finally crusts, the final stage, when the wounds fall off. Transmission of the virus occurs mainly upon contact with these lesions.
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