Senator and former presidential candidate Simon Tibbett (MDB-MS) erred in saying in an interview with Roda Viva on Monday (8) that the union had already funded 60% of the SUS budget. .). Since 2004, the beginning of the historical data series, the share of the federal government has not exceeded 50%.
The MDB presidential candidate was also inaccurate when she said that the labor reform enacted by the government of Michel Temer (MDB) guarantees the preservation of jobs in the country, as there is no consensus on this effect. There are studies indicating that the scale created vacancies, while others indicate that the changes had no effect on unemployment.
See below what we checked and check the transcript of the interview in the speech bank:
- Tibet exaggerates when he says that the consortium is already responsible for 60% of SUS funding, when, in fact, it has never exceeded 50% of the share, according to available data;
- It cannot be said that labor reform guaranteed jobs as the senator did, because there is no consensus on the effect of the measure on the labor market;
- The presidential candidate is right in saying that 33 million Brazilians are currently hungry and more than 100 million suffer from some degree of food insecurity;
- It is also alleged that the secret budget moved tens of billions of riyals, a value higher than the value of corruption scandals, such as the Mensalão and Petrolão.
The union has already financed 60% of SUS in the past, and today it is no more than 45%, 46%.
The union was not responsible for 60% of the SUS (Unified Health System) funding, Senator Simon Tibbett stated, despite the fact that federal involvement has actually been reduced over the years. Since the tripartite management of the health system came into force in 2004, the Union’s share has been, at most, 50% of the budget.
In the interview, the MDB presidential candidate cites Siops (Public Health Budgets Information System) as a source of information, which only provides data from 2004 onwards. This is due to the implementation of the Constitutional Amendment 29/2000, which determined that the SUS should be administered with resources from the Federation, the States, and the Municipalities, in a tripartite administration.
Siops-based survey conducted by researchers from Fiocruz (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz) and Ipea (Institute for Applied Economic Research), and published in the journal Health in discussion At the end of 2020, it noted that the consortium had never exceeded the 50% share of SUS funding (see chart below).
tripartite. A greater involvement of the union occurred in 2004, when the federal government was responsible for 49.1% of the funding (Saúde em Debate/Reprodução)
But the truth is that the union’s share of the regime’s budget has been declining over the years. In the latest survey data, referring to 2019, the federal government was responsible for funding 42.1% of the SUS.
Labor reform came to ensure the minimum number of jobs we still had.
It cannot be said that labor reform guarantees jobs because there is still no solid data on the effects of a change in legislation on job vacancies in Brazil.
There are studies that indicate that the reform will be responsible for the creation of vacancies, such as the survey conducted by the University of São Paulo (University of São Paulo) in partnership with Insper. The research estimates that the rule adopted in the reform, which transfers to the worker the costs that companies would have incurred in the event of judicial defeat, generated 1.7 million jobs between 2017 and 2022.
However, there is research that points in the opposite direction. A study conducted by Made-USP (the Center for Research in the Macroeconomics of Inequality at the University of São Paulo) concluded in May of this year that the reform did not have a significant impact on unemployment, although it considers it too early to draw conclusions. Experts consulted by the US State Department reiterated this position UOL In November 2021, who also indicated that the text may have increased the informality.
It starved 33 million Brazilians. Of the 100 million Brazilians, if not more, suffer some level of food insecurity.
Senator Simon Tibbett’s statement is correct because, according to the latest National Survey on Food Insecurity, organized by the Penssan Network, 33.1 million Brazilians are severely food insecure, the name given to those who suffer from hunger. This is the highest number reached since the start of the historical series in 2004.
In addition, the survey indicates that 125.2 million people suffer from some type of food insecurity in the country.
Research considers moderate food insecurity when a person is unsure whether to eat in the near future or replace food with other foods of worse quality. Mild food insecurity occurs when a person does not have enough food.
If we talk about R$160 million of the monthly allowance, and only R$2.3 billion in one of the Petrolão schemes, here we are talking only of R$44 billion, of which R$28 billion has already been committed [no orçamento secreto].
The statement is correct because the figures correspond to the figures issued by the regulatory authorities, the judiciary and the press on the corruption scandals mentioned above.
Mensalão was the name given to the scheme to pay around R$30,000 per month to parliamentarians to vote on Lula’s government projects. According to the PF (Federal Police), MPF (Federal Public Ministry) and TCU (Federal Court of Auditors) in 2012, the amount transferred was at least R$101.6 million, which was corrected by the IPCA (Extended Consumer Price Index) in June, A total of 188.3 million Brazilian riyals.
The R$2 billion figure cited by Tibet refers to the MPF (Federal Prosecutor’s Office) estimate of the total embezzlement from Petrobras with allegations of a car wash operation. In January 2015, the Foundation calculated the amount transferred corresponding to the crimes reported to date, which would be R$2.1 billion (or R$3.3 billion in IPCA-adjusted values as of June 2022).
Finally, “Secret Budget” is the nickname for the amount earmarked for the amendment by the Rapporteur of the Annual Budget Bill in the National Congress, whose technical code is RP9. This type of adjustment, created in 2019, is criticized for its lack of transparency, because it does not allow to specify which deputy indicated the allocation of funds, nor to specify the purpose of spending, unlike other types of budget adjustments.
According to Siop, the Ministry of Economy’s budget database, since 2020, the first year in effect for this type of adjustment, R$44.6 billion has been committed and R$20 billion paid out. The current allocation for the so-called amendments to the decision is R$53 billion.
the other side. for the facts I called Tibbett’s office early Tuesday (9) afternoon to make room for the senator to comment on the checks, but there was no response until this report was published.
1. Culture TV
two. for the facts (1 and 2)
3 – Palazzo Planalto (1 and 2)
4. Health in discussion
5. CNN Brazil
9. the scientist
10. st 1 (1 and 2)
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