Vasculitis: Understanding the Disease That Affected Ashton Kutcher's Vision and Hearing

Vasculitis: Understanding the Disease That Affected Ashton Kutcher’s Vision and Hearing

Actor Ashton Kutcher, 44, known for his roles on the TV series “That 70’s Show” and “Two and Half Men,” has revealed that he is temporarily unable to see, hear and walk due to a rare type of vasculitis, which is the name. It is given to a group of diseases that cause vasculitis.

Report in a preview of the programManagement Wild with bear Grylls: The a challenge(Celebrities to prove it all: The Challenge) from the channel the National Geographical, released yesterday (8) by the site Getting to Hollywood. “Three years ago, I had this strange, very rare form of vasculitis, which took away my sight, hearing, and balance,” Kutcher said. According to the actor, it took about a year to restore the painting: “You are lucky to be alive.”

What are the causes and consequences?

There are many types of vasculitis, and they can vary greatly in symptoms, severity, and duration, according to the American College of Rheumatology.

The disease occurs when cells of the immune system attack an individual’s blood vessels. Most types of vasculitis are rare and their causes aren’t fully understood.

Autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren’s syndrome, drug interactions, and viral infections are some of the possible causes of this disease. Adds Neurosurgeon Ferris Chaddad, Head of the Department of Neurosurgery at Unifesp (Federal University of São Paulo) and Coordinator of Neurosurgery at BP – the Portuguese charity of São Paulo.

Vasculitis can lead to reduced blood flow to body tissues such as the lungs, nerves, and skin. In addition, they are able to cause blood vessels to rupture and cause bleeding. According to Shaddad, the consequences It will depend on the area of ​​the brain affected.

Clinical manifestations are often similar to the picture of stroke.

“When there is no blood in the optic nerve or the optic papilla of the eyeball, for example, a person can have a transient loss of vision, as happened with an actor. It is also possible that you have Change in movement and weakness on one side of the body,” says the doctor.

Diagnosis and treatment

Other symptoms of the disease include:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • lack of appetite
  • fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • Shortness of breath and cough
  • Numbness or weakness in the hand or foot

MRI and cerebral vascular resonance are the two tests that allow doctors to evaluate a patient’s brain and blood vessels, respectively. “When it is not possible to reach a diagnosis of the cause of the vasculitis with these tests, a biopsy of the brain tissue is taken,” Chadad explains.

The disease affects people of both sexes and of all ages. But some types affect certain groups of people. Kawasaki disease, for example, only occurs in children. Vasculitis IgA (Henoch Schönlein) is more common in children than in adults. Giant cell arteritis, on the other hand, only occurs in adults over 50 – Ashton Kutcher hasn’t revealed what type of vasculitis he’s been diagnosed with.

Treatment for vasculitis usually involves prescribing glucocorticoids, which are medications that help reduce inflammation in the blood vessels.

For less severe antiangiogenic, patients may also receive Methotrexate, azathioprine or other immunosuppressive medications, according to the American College of Rheumatology. In addition, newer biological drugs designed to treat autoimmune and other inflammatory diseases may help treat vasculitis.

Shaddad explained that cases in which the disease causes bleeding are more dangerous than cases of ischemia, because when blood vessels rupture, brain damage from blood also occurs. “M Often, in the case of bleeding, surgery to remove the clot may also be necessary,” he says.

Another possible surgical intervention rgica is a vascular “bypass graft,” a surgical procedure intended to redirect blood flow around a blockage in a vessel.

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